Fast Facts and Figures
17, 819.04 Hectares
22 Barangays; Total Population: 32, 838 (2018)
Of the literature on Bauko, the earliest reference is found in the chronicles of Fr. Casimiro Diaz (as cited in Angel Perez’ 1902 work) pertaining to the Spanish expidations to the igorot region from 1665-1668, particularly to the area that would eventually be named mission of CAYAN which included the area of what is today the Western Mountain Province.
The Peopling and Early Settlers of Bauko
Beyond the generic origin myth, there are oral accounts pertaining to three groups of early settlers that have more detailed narratives, the i-Palatang, the i-Miligan and the i-Suyosuyan. ( In kankanaey, the ‘i’ prefixed to a place name mean “a citizen or citizens of,” thus i-Palatang means either “the citizens of Palatang” or “an individual from Palatang.” However, it should be stressed here that these narratives do not necessarily encompass the whole municipality of Bauko nor are they confined within the current boundaries of the municipality, the formation of which is just a recent historical development. Likewise, it is highly possible that there are other groups that have settled in the old villages of Bauko aside from these groups mentioned.
It should be noted that in folklore, the early settlers of Lower Bauko were called i-Bulkanan or i-Ibneh, which are still being used in the dad-at, daing, donglasi and other traditional story telling genres. However, there are no oral accounts about a common origin and history ascribed to these two groups of people. Thus, it appears that the terms i-Bulkanan and i-Ibneh are used only for poetic effects, rather than to refer to a certain group of ancestors with its own historical narrative.